In this activity, students make a Tin Can Toy with a secret mechanism, while exploring kinetic energy. When you roll a Tin Can Toy away, it comes rolling back!

Adapted from GEM this Tin Can Toy made of a coffee can contains a simple elastic powered motor. The "secret" to the Come-Back Can is in the weight that hangs from the rubber band.

The weight in the Tin Can Toy hangs down as the tin rolls in one direction (and doesn't flip). The kinetic energy of the rolling can will be stored as potential energy in the tightly twisted rubber band -some will not be stored as the rubber band is wound, but transferred to friction (heat) and sound.

Once the band has reached its storage limit, the stored energy is released and the Come-Back Can moves backwards towards its starting point.

### Objectives

• Build a model that stores potential energy and releases kinetic energy.

• Explain that energy is not created or destroyed, but rather converted from one form to another.

### Materials

• Per Tin Can Toy:
coffee tin (or plastic container)
drill or punch device
2 elastic bands
paperclip
tape
small weight (e.g. washer)

### Key Questions

• How is potential energy stored in the can?
• What kind of energy is the potential energy converted into?
• What happens when the elastic band is allowed to unwind?

### What To Do

1. Drill or punch a small hole in both ends of the tin, and thread the first elastic band through the hole at the base. Secure a paperclip to the band outside of the can to prevent the elastic from slipping through the hole. Use tape to secure completely.
2. Thread the weight or washer onto a piece of string, and use that string to tie together the two elastic bands. This should result in the string holding the weight and also joining the free end of the elastic you secured to the tin in step 1 to the second elastic band.
3. Take the other end of the second elastic band up through the hole in the lid, and use a paperclip to prevent from slipping through the hole. Close the lid and secure the paperclip with tape.
4. Roll the tin away from you: This should “wind up” the elastic, causing the can to roll back again. This can be quite mystifying to those seeing it for the first time.

Tip: Make sure that the weight hangs down below the point where it is tied. If it flips over as you roll the can away from you, the elastic won’t wind up, and your can won’t come back!

Vocabulary:

• Potential Energy: Stored energy in an object due to its position (i.e. in relation to the ground) or condition (i.e. stretched or compressed in a spring or elastic band).
• Kinetic Energy: The energy of a moving object. Potential energy is converted into kinetic energy when an object is acted upon by a force.

### Extensions

• Try varying the size of the weight or the type of elastic band, and see how that changes the speed or distance the Come-Back Can rolls.
• You can wind up your Come-Back Can by shaking the can in a circular fashion. See if it works!
• What happens when you take a wound-up Come-Back Can and stand it upright?

Survivors

Artist: Jeff Kulak

Jeff is a senior graphic designer at Science World. His illustration work has been published in the Walrus, The National Post, Reader’s Digest and Chickadee Magazine. He loves to make music, ride bikes, and spend time in the forest.

Egg BB

Artist: Jeff Kulak

Jeff is a senior graphic designer at Science World. His illustration work has been published in the Walrus, The National Post, Reader’s Digest and Chickadee Magazine. He loves to make music, ride bikes, and spend time in the forest.

Comet Crisp

Artist: Jeff Kulak

Jeff is a senior graphic designer at Science World. His illustration work has been published in the Walrus, The National Post, Reader’s Digest and Chickadee Magazine. He loves to make music, ride bikes, and spend time in the forest.

T-Rex and Baby

Artist: Michelle Yong

Michelle is a designer with a focus on creating joyful digital experiences! She enjoys exploring the potential forms that an idea can express itself in and helping then take shape.

Buddy the T-Rex

Artist: Michelle Yong

Michelle is a designer with a focus on creating joyful digital experiences! She enjoys exploring the potential forms that an idea can express itself in and helping then take shape.

Geodessy

Artist: Michelle Yong

Michelle is a designer with a focus on creating joyful digital experiences! She enjoys exploring the potential forms that an idea can express itself in and helping then take shape.

Science Buddies

Artist: Ty Dale

From Canada, Ty was born in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1993. From his chaotic workspace he draws in several different illustrative styles with thick outlines, bold colours and quirky-child like drawings. Ty distils the world around him into its basic geometry, prompting us to look at the mundane in a different way.

Western Dinosaur

Artist: Ty Dale

From Canada, Ty was born in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1993. From his chaotic workspace he draws in several different illustrative styles with thick outlines, bold colours and quirky-child like drawings. Ty distils the world around him into its basic geometry, prompting us to look at the mundane in a different way.