In this activity, students will observe the parts of a flower and learn how each part is involved in helping a plant continue its growth for another generation. Specifically, students will find the petals, stamens, pistils, pollen, and ovules and learn more about how a plant reproduces.
The 4 main sections of a complete flower are the sepals (generally green), petals (generally colourful), stamens (male parts), and pistils (female parts). Although these parts can be described in further detail, this activity examines them in a more general sense.
Petals function to attract pollinators to the flower using colours, scents, heat, and different patterns visible under both ultraviolet and visible light. Once the pollinator lands on the flower, it will search for the nectar found inside of the flower.
As they search for nectar, pollinators brush up against the stamens (male parts) and pollen sticks to their bodies. Later, as pollinators travel to other flowers, they may transfer this pollen to other flowers and some will likely land on the top of a pistil and migrate downward to fertilize the ovules (eggs) at the bottom of the pistil. These fertilized ovules will then develop into seeds.